Tech: Regearing Nissan R180A, M205, and M226 Differentials

Regearing Nissan R180A, M205, and M226 Differentials

Hey guys!

This will be a living document / brain dump and will grow as more content is added to it.  It'll initially start out as a parts list reference for master rebuild kits as these are becoming scarce from the big names and it's becoming necessary for users to piece them together individually.  The conversation is mostly oriented around the Nissan 4x4 midsize applications from 2005 to present (Frontier, Xterra, R51 Pathfinder) but some information is also applicable to the full size applications (Titan, Armada).

If you've chosen to run larger tires on your Nissan 4x4, you may have noticed that the vehicle is a little more sluggish "off the line", has a little less "get up and go", or frequently downshifts / gear hunts when using cruise control.  The reason for this is when you change tire size, you're affecting your "drive ratios".  Your drive ratios can effectively be though of as the transistions which occur from engine crankshaft -> transmission -> transfercase -> differentials -> tires.  Through these transisions power output from the engine crankshaft is modified so that a driver has useable power to get their vehicle moving; most often multiplied through ratio reductions: for instance, three turns of the engine crankshaft to one turn of the transmission output shaft in first gear (3:1).  The functional purpose is to increase torque, the result of which is higher required engine rpm's.  

A 4x4 vehicle generally has 4 different components which affect drive ratios - 

  1. Transmission
  2. Transfercase
  3. Front & Rear Differential Gearset
  4. Tires

1. Transmission:

In an 05-19 Nissan midsize 4x4 like the Frontier, 05-15 Xterra, 05-12 R51 Pathfinder and full size Nissan Titan and Armada sold in the USA, you'll commonly find the Jatco 5R05 five speed automatic transmission or the six speed manual transmission.  

 5 Speed Automatic6 Speed Manual
1st3.84:14.37:1
2nd2.35:12.52:1
3rd1.53:!1.74:1
4th1.00:11.28:1
5th.84:11.00:1
6thN/A0.77:1
Reverse2.77:13.54:1

Specific to the Nissan Frontier, in 2020+ models Nissan began using a new 9 speed transmission.  I believe the same applies to the 2020+ Nissan Titan

 9 Speed Automatic
1st5.42:1
2nd3.26:1
3rd2.25:1
4th1.65:1
5th1.22:1
6th1.00:1
7th0.86:1
8th0:71:1
9th0:60:1
Reverse4.80:1

 

2. Transfercase:

These vehicles were commonly equipped with a selectable two speed transfercase.  The High speed is 1:1 and is what a driver will normally use in 2wd or 4wd.  The Low speed is 2.63:1 and would be used for offroading for torque / power multiplication at the sacrafice of reduced speed.  

3. Front & Rear Differential Gearset:

A variety of ring and pinion ratios came on these vehicles from the factory.  Common automatic transmission ratios are 3:13:1 and 3:36:1.  Common ratios for manual transmission equipped vehicles are 3.54:1 and 3.692:1.  

4. Tires:

Most commonly, the Nissan midsize applications were equipped with a 265/70r16 in non-Pro-4x trims and 265/75r16 in Pro-4x trims or equivelant; depending on the wheel size equipped to the vehicle from factory. 

 

Modifiying any one of these four components will have an impact on the ability of your engine to adequately accelerate and power your vehicle.   The most common modification by far which affects drive ratios is an increase or decrease in tire size.  For offroading purposes, we run lift kits so that we can run larger tires - larger tires improve under-vehicle clearance, approach angles, and improves the ability of the tire to roll over larger cracks and crevices than a smaller tire.  For these benefits gained, there is a cost to adding larger tires: increased tire circumfrence and increased weight - both of which affect drive ratios and the felt power of the vehicle.  To correct a change in drive ratio by stepping up to larger tires, the easiest of the three remaining components to modify is your front and rear differential gearset.  Modifiying the ratio of your ring and pinion will allow you to restore your factory drive ratios or even slightly improve them.  Choosing the correct ring and pinion ratio is very easy to calculate using an online calculator.  I like the calculator found HERE.  It's easy to input and compare different tire sizes and ring and pinion gear ratios to see how it affects vehicle RPM at given speeds.  

Most common to the applications we are currently covering, a person will choose to run a 33" equivelant tire like a 285/75r16 or a 285/70r17.  For demonstration purposes we will choose an 05-19 Nissan Frontier Pro-4x with an automatic transmission.  From factory this vehicle would be equipped with 265/75r16 tires and 3.36 gearsets.  I generally like to choose the top gear of a vehicle - this is normally an overdrive gear and will be a good representation of the engine working at it's hardest.  For the Pro-4x Frontier this would be "0.84".  

Here's a representation of different tire sizes and how they affect speed at given RPM's in overdrive with the 3.36:1 gearset:

 265/75r16 @ 3.36:1 (Factory Tire)285/75r16 @ 3.36:1 (33" Tire)315/75r16 @ 3.36:1 (35" Tire)
1000 RPM33.36 MPH34.61 MPH36.47 MPH
1500 RPM50.04 MPH51.91 MPH54.71 MPH
2000 RPM66.72 MPH69.21 MPH72.95 MPH
2500 RPM83.40 MPH86.51 MPH91.18 MPH
3000 RPM100.08 MPH103.82 MPH109.42 MPH
3500 RPM116.76 MPH121.12 MPH127.66 MPH

Here's a representation as above with 3.692:1 gearset:

 265/75r16 @ 3.692:1 (Factory Tire)285/75r16 @ 3.692:1 (33" Tire)315/75r16 @ 3.692:1 (35" Tire)
1000 RPM30.36 MPH31.49 MPH33.19 MPH
1500 RPM45.54 MPH47.24 MPH49.79 MPH
2000 RPM60.72 MPH62.99 MPH66.39 MPH
2500 RPM75.90 MPH78.73 MPH82.98 MPH
3000 RPM91.08 MPH94.48 MPH99.58 MPH
3500 RPM106.26 MPH110.23 MPH116.18 MPH

Here's a representation as above with 4.10:1 gearset:

 265/75r16 @ 4.10:1 (Factory Tire)285/75r16 @ 4.10:1 (33" Tire)315/75r16 @ 4.10:1 (35" Tire)
1000 RPM27.34 MPH28.36 MPH29.89 MPH
1500 RPM41.01 MPH42.54 MPH44.84 MPH
2000 RPM54.68 MPH56.72 MPH59.78 MPH
2500 RPM68.35 MPH70.90 MPH74.73 MPH
3000 RPM82.02 MPH85.08 MPH89.67 MPH
3500 RPM95.69 MPH99.26 MPH104.62 MPH

 

When choosing gearset ratios, I like to slightly underdrive from the factory numbers to account for added tire weight.  Most offroad tires are 10 ply and will be noticeably heavier than a factory 6 ply tire when sitting in the driver seat.  A heavier tire makes the engine work harder, as does a larger tire diameter.  A slight underdrive will also improve your crawl ratio when your transfercase is in 4Lo.  

My general recommendations are these when considering gears on an 05-19 Frontier, 05-15 Xterra, or 05-12 R51 Pathfinder with an automatic transmission and larger tires - 

33" - 3.692:1
35" - 4.10:1

For 05-19 Frontiers and 05-15 Xterras with a manual transmission, my recommendation would be as follows - 

33" - 4.10:1
35" - 4.56:1

When regearding a Nissan midsize 4x4 to a deeper (numerically higher) gearset - it would be ideal at the same time to swap out the R180A front differential for the M205 front differential found in the 03-15 Nissan Titan and Armada.  It is a stonger differential than the R180A with stronger corresponding CV axles and will better withstand the increased torque which is created with deeper gearing.  CV axles can be sourced from the V8 equipped Nissan R51 Pathfinder if you're not planning on a titanswap suspension.  The M205 is direct bolt-in upgrade for a user with an R180A axle, so long as the gear ratio is matched to the rear and corresponding CV axles are sourced.  

 

Nissan R180A Front Differential 

  • Applications -
    • 2005-2023 Nissan Frontier (2005-2019 27 spline inner CV; 2020-2023 30 spline inner CV)
    • 2005-2015 Nissan Xterra
    • 2005-2012 Nissan R51 Pathfinder (v6 models)
    • 2018-2019 Nissan Armada (30 spline inner CV)
  • Carrier Break - 3.54 Down / 3.692 Up
  • Notes -
ItemQty RequiredNissan OE P#Aftermarket P#
Carrier Bearing / Race238440-EA000Timken 30208;
Carrier Shims1N/AYukon SK-D35JL-CARRIER-RH
Pinion Front Bearing / Race138140-EA000Timken 32207
Pinion Rear Bearing / Race138120-EA000NSK R32-39; Koyo 332/32JR; NTN 332/32
Pinion Shims1N/ASKT8
Pinion Nut138216-U301A 
Pinion Crush Sleeve138166-EA000 
Ring Gear Bolt 38102-12S00 
Pinion Seal138189-AR00A 
Drivers Side Seal138342-EA000 
Passenger Side Seal140227-EA000 

 

 

Nissan M205 Front Differential 

  • Applications -
    • 2003-2015 Nissan Titan
    • 2004-2015 Nissan Armada
    • 2008-2008 Nissan R51 Pathfinder (v8 models)
  • Carrier Break - N/A
  • Notes - Not a lot of traction device options - ARB airlockers are available and TJM recently started manufacturing an elocker.  
ItemQty RequiredNissan OE P#Aftermarket P#
Carrier Bearing / Race238440-8S110LM603049 / LM603011
Carrier Shims1N/AN/A
Pinion Front Bearing / Race1 M88048 / M88010
Pinion Rear Bearing / Race1 M802048 / M802011
Pinion Shims1 SKT8
Pinion Nut138216-8S11A 
Pinion Crush Sleeve138165-8S110 
Ring Gear Bolt 38102-8S110 
Pinion Seal138189-8S110710920
Drivers Side Seal138342-8S110710919 
Passenger Side Seal138342-8S110710919 

 

Nissan M226 Rear Differential 

  • Applications -
    • 2005-2023 Nissan Frontier (Nismo, Pro4x trims)
    • 2005-2015 Nissan Xterra (Offroad, Pro4x trims)
    • 2003-2015 Nissan Titan
  • Carrier Break - N/A
  • Notes - This diff uses the same ring and pinion as a corresponding 07-18 JK Jeep Wrangler Rubicon.  The Rubicon factory 4.10 gears for elocker are thick-cut like Nissan M226 gears for elocker and should bolt in without the need for a ring gear spacer.  This applies to aftermarket gearsets, only if they are labeled as "thick cut".  

 

ItemQty RequiredNissan OE P#Aftermarket P#
Carrier Bearing / Race2 JLM704610 / JLM704649
Carrier Shims1N/AN/A
Pinion Front Bearing / Race1 HM803146 / HM803110
Pinion Rear Bearing / Race1 M88010 / M88048
Pinion Shims1 55009
Pinion Nut138216-8S10A30271
Pinion Crush Sleeve1 Dana 46925
Ring Gear Bolt  Yukon YSPBLT-006 / Dana 2003431
Pinion Seal138189-ZJ00ADANA 2004101

 

Last updated - 11/04/2022

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